Many people do not understand how someone could abuse drugs even when their life seems to be falling apart. It is often assumed that those who become addicted lack willpower or moral principles and they could simply stop abusing drugs. Addiction is a complex disease and often misunderstood.
Certain drugs change the brain in ways that foster abuse so quitting drugs can be very difficult. Addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking even despite very negative consequences. While initially the decision to use drugs is voluntary, over time brain changes impair self-control and hamper the ability to resist the urge to take more drugs. Effective treatment combines addiction treatment medication with behavioral therapy.
Why do some people become addicts while others don’t?
Drug addiction is affected by several factors:
- Biology-Some people have a genetic susceptibility to drug addiction. Gender, ethnicity and having other mental disorders can affect whether one becomes addicted to drugs.
- Environment-Peer pressure, physical or sexual abuse, quality of life, quality of parenting and stress are all environmental factors that can affect the problem of addiction.
- Development-Every person goes through critical stage of development. The earlier drug use starts, the more likely it is that they will progress to serious abuse. The adolescent brain is still developing and teens are more likely to be engaged in risky behaviors like trying drugs.
Some drugs are more addicting than others and the faster the drug gets to the brain, the more addicting it becomes. Smoking or snorting a drug gets a drug to the brain the fastest. Injecting a drug is the second fastest way of getting a drug to the brain centers. Drinking, such as in alcohol consumption is the slowest way . Read more...